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OSHA- Grain & Feed

Maintaining a safe, clean, and orderly workplace is important to employee well-being and enhances operational productivity. Highlighted on this page are just some of Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)'s Safety Standards important to the grain and feed industry (grain elevators, feed mills, flour mills, dust pelletizing plants, dry corn mills, soybean processing facilities, etc.):

  • Grain Handling Facility Standard 29 CFR 1910.272 Effective March 31, 1988
    • Emergency Action Plan 
    • Employee Training Program
    • Hot Work Procedures & Permit Program
    • Bin Entry Procedures & Permit Program (includes silos & tanks)
    • Contractor Notification Program
    • Preventive Maintenance Program
    • Written Housekeeping Program
      • 1/8 inch actionable level in priority areas at grain elevators effective August 1, 1990
    • Equipment Related Requirements: apply to inside located bucket elevator legs; grain dryers; processing equipment; emergency escapes; grates; and dust collectors.
      • Use of Pressure Monitoring Device effective March 30, 1989
      • Inside Bucket Elevator Legs equipment requirements effective April 1, 1991.
  • Permit-Required Confined Space Entry Standard 29 CFR 1910.146
  • Personal Protective Equipment Standard 29 CFR 1900
  • Hazard Communication Standard effective August 24, 1987.
    • Develop, Implement, and Maintain a Written Hazard Communication Program
    • Material Safety Data Sheets on applicable hazardous substances
    • Employee Training
    • Outside Contractors
    • Current List of Hazardous Chemicals.Chemicals on the followings lists compiled by the following entities are considered hazardous by OSHA:
  • Hazard Chemical Reporting Requirements for Elevators -  federal law entitled Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act (SARA) Title II, the Community Right-to-Know Program
    • Administered by the State Emergency Response Commission.
    • Elevators must report what hazardous chemicals they produce, use, or store.
  • Air Contaminants Standard / Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL) Standard and Respiratory Protection Standard effective March 1, 1989. Preferred engineering controls or administrative practices required by December 31, 1992.
  • Employers required to protect employees from exposure to grain dust levels exceeding the threshold limit values and nuisance dust. Engineering controls are OSHA's preferred solution. However, a written respiratory protection program is acceptable in circumstances where engineering or administrative controls are deemed infeasible.
    • Install feasible engineering controls or administrative controls to limit employee exposure.
    • Using Respirators? 
      • Written Respirator Program
      • Employee Training and Fitting
      • Respirator Maintenance, Selection, and Cleaning (NIOSH/MSHA Approved)
      • Employee Suitability
  • Occupational Noise Exposure Standard
  • 2005 OSHA Letter of Interpretation on OSHA's Permit-Required Confined Spaces (PRCS) Standard, 29 CFR 1910.146 and Grain Handling Standard, 29 CFR 1910.272. 

Safety-Critical Control Points & Areas:

  1. Housekeeping
  2. Employee Training
  3. Emergency Action Plan
  4. Hot Work
  5. Confined Space Entry (including entry into bins, silos, and tanks)
  6. Contractor Notification
  7. Preventive Maintenance
  8. Control of Hazardous Energy (Lockout/Tagout - aka LOTO)